Knowledge and skills of drawing anatomy is very important for a fashion designer, especially for beginners because this science is the foundation or basic skills to be learned and trained in order to produce good design.
Comparison of the body is a provision that is used to draw the human body size. This comparison is obtained from two-dimensional image / photo real person in the circumstances stand straight and facing forward.
1. Definition of Anatomy
Anatomy is the study of the overall composition of the human body from head to toe. In the field of fashion design, studied anatomy limited to the shape and movement of the jual kaos skate body with the parts such as the joints, muscles and nerves. With the joints, muscles and nerves in the body, the direction of drawing hands, legs, neck and face should be considered in order not to wrong direction and this figure should match the actual body movements.
To draw the anatomy of the body with an ideal size there are a few things to note:
a. Comparison of the height and width of the body
b. Location of body parts
c. Attitude, style and gestures
d. The fall of the clothing on the body.
To obtain the anatomical images of the body in accordance with the comparison and the location of the parts of the body, when the drawing should be assisted with the help of lines with a certain ratio. This comparison should be made for all parts of the body from head crown to toe.
2. Objectives Studying Anatomy
Anatomy is very important, especially for a designer in ideas and ideas to others. Fashion design in anatomy very big influence on fashions presented. Design is poured on the anatomy of the body will look more vivid and interesting than without anatomy. Besides the comparison of each model size clothing in anatomy is easier to read those who see it as:
a. Neckline and collar size
b. Shape sleeve and long sleeve
c. Part of the body, waist and pelvis
d. Decorative lines, pockets and decorations on garments
e. Silhouette blouse or the overall model
The selection of materials and clothing accessories
Based on the above, the anatomy of the body has the objective of which:
a. Can carry the message and image of its creator
b. As an embodiment of media forms and fashions
c. Comparisons can determine the meaning of a lingerie model
d. Helping the presentation images from several directions
e. As a means of communication to others.
3. Comparison of Body Types
One of the important things in drawing anatomy to design is to understand the concept of comparison for determining the size of the body such as head size, body size, the size of the hands and feet. In drawing a comparison body for the design of clothing we can choose some kind of comparison that is usually used, namely:
a. Comparison according to the actual anatomy of the body is high 7½ times the height of the head
b. Comparison according to the height of fashion design is 8 times the height of the head and some are wearing high 8½ head, it is usually referred to as anatomical models.
c. Comparisons are illustrative of the body that are usually used for design published or a certain style which is the ratio 9 times the height of the head even reach 12 times the height of the head also called comparative illustration.
This refers to the comparison of the body of the ideal body shape, physically and mentally healthy, in other words, the ideal size must comply with the following requirements:
a. A healthy body does not have a physical disability and suffering from a disease such as beriberi disease that can lead to body fat or weight is not balanced.
b. The arms and legs of solid, not too big nor too thin or small
c. Comparison of the size of normal body parts such as large eyes, nose and ears.
4. Drawing Comparison of Body
Comparison of the body according to the design of clothing is made with a high measure of body 8 times the height of the head or the head height 8½, is usually referred to as anatomical models. However, for purposes of illustration design made higher proportion of body, 10 x height of the head and some even make 11 x height of the head. Comparison of the body according to the design of this dress can be seen in the following table:
Comparison of height and width of the body is usually measured by the height of the head, such as high body 8 ½ times the height of the head. If the head height of 3 cm, the height is 8 ½ x 3 cm = 25 ½ cm. The measure is a measure that is used to draw the parts of the body from head crown to toe. To draw anatomy for this fashion design, size and proportions used are 3 cm high head, but can also take other sizes such as 2 ½ cm or 2 cm and can also be more than 3 cm depending on the image we want. Follow the steps below:
1. Create a line perpendicular relief and name the point O and X. The point O is located on the crown and X is located at the tip of the foot. OX is the length of the line height based on the height of the head. For example, the head of the desired height of 3 cm, the length OX = 8 ½ x 3 cm = 25 ½ cm. So long OX = 25½ cm and a distance of 0-1 = 3 cm. For point O-X into 8 ½ part.
2. Mark the point 0, 1, 1 ½, 2, 3, 4, 4 ¾, 5 3/4, 7, 8, 8 1/6, 8 ½ such as location-location of body parts in table 2 above. Connect the lines using a straight line to help line as shown below, thus forming a rudimentary sketch of the body or not fleshy.
0-1 = head height and head width is 2/3 x high head = 2 cm
1-1 ½ = high neck and neck width = ½ head width shoulder width = 2 x width of the head
2 = limit armpits / chest
3 = limit waist and elbows, waist width = width of the head
4 = limits of the hip and wrist, pelvis width = 2 x width of the head
4 ¾ = tip of the finger
5 3/4 = knee and knee distance = width of head
7 = calf
8 = ankle
8 1/6 = heel and heel distance = width of head
8 ½ = toe and toe distance = width of head
3. Shape the body so it looks like flesh with existing
help line at the top.
4. Remove auxiliary lines and trim anatomical drawings are made in order to obtain
an intact anatomy that can be varied movement and style.
5. Enhance the image by filling the parts of the face and perfect the shape of body parts such as body shape, waist, hips, thighs, calves, arms, and legs as in the image below. The location of the facial parts, namely:
0 = fontanel
¼ = limit forehead
½ = location of the eye
¾ = location of the nose
½ – ¾ = location of the ear
7/8 = layout lips
1 = chin
6. The Anatomy of movement and style can be changed by making the framework of yarn or frame beams. Anatomy can already be used as a guide in drawing an assortment of clothing.